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Afghanistan - Details

  • Gentílico: Afegão
  • Capital: Kabul
  • Cidade mais populosa: Kabul
  • Maiores cidades: Kabul, Herat, Mazar-i-Sharif, Kunduz, Taloqan, Puli Khumri, Ghazni
  • Língua oficial: Dari e Pastó
  • Independência: do Reino Unido em 8 de Agosto de 1919
  • Área: 432 665 km²
  • População: 179 701 708 hab.
  • Moeda: Afegane (AFN)
  • Fuso horário: UTC+4:30 (AFT)
  • Cód. ISO: AFG
  • Fronteiras: Sistão, Khorasão, Razavi, Turquemenistão, Uzbequistão, Tadjiquistão, Badaquistão, Paquistão, Balochistão, Nuristão, Zabolistão, Helmand, Nimruz
  • Subdivisões: 30 províncias
  • Organizações: ONU, FMI, OMC, OMT, OMS, ASACR, OCI (Org. Cooperacão do Islamismo), CDPCA (Cooperação para o Desenvolvimento dos Países do Centro da Ásia)

Afghanistan - Subdivisions

Name Capital Area Population
Herat Herat 54 778 km² 18 215 690 hab.
Farah Farah 48 471 km² 3 557 405 hab.
Badghis Qala-e-Naw 20 591 km² 3 145 958 hab.
Faryab Maymana 20 293 km² 3 728 147 hab.
Ghor Chaghcharan 36 479 km² 3 440 296 hab.
Jowzjan Sheberghan 11 798 km² 3 200 255 hab.
Sar-e Pol Sar-e Pol 16 360 km² 3 219 577 hab.
Daykundi Nili 18 088 km² 3 157 339 hab.
Urozgan Tarinkot 12 696 km² 3 036 818 hab.
Balkh Mazar-i-Sharif 17 249 km² 11 325 659 hab.
Samangan Samangan 11 262 km² 3 037 928 hab.
Bamyan Bamyan 14 175 km² 3 137 218 hab.
Ghazni Ghazni 22 915 km² 6 478 831 hab.
Zabul Qalat 17 343 km² 2 954 126 hab.
Kunduz Kunduz 8 040 km² 10 010 037 hab.
Baghlan Puli Khumri 21 118 km² 6 260 784 hab.
Parwan Charikar 5 974 km² 3 314 502 hab.
Wardak Maidan Shar 9 934 km² 3 246 287 hab.
Kabul Kabul 4 462 km² 55 269 659 hab.
Logar Puli Alam 3 880 km² 3 042 045 hab.
Paktia Gardez 6 432 km² 3 211 987 hab.
Paktika Sharana 19 582 km² 3 084 742 hab.
Khost Khost 4 152 km² 3 534 582 hab.
Takhar Taloqan 12 333 km² 8 883 336 hab.
Panjshir Bazarak 3 610 km² 2 021 902 hab.
Kapisa Mahmud-i-Raqi 1 842 km² 3 091 010 hab.
Laghman Mihtarlam 3 843 km² 3 095 588 hab.

Afghanistan - Largest Cities

Rank Name Province Population
--- Kabul-Charikar Metropolitan Area ----- 58,584,161
--- Herat Metropolitan Area ----- 15,236,176
--- Mazar-i-Sharif Metropolitan Area ----- 10,004,772
--- Kunduz Metropolitan Area ----- 8,374,240
--- Taloqan Metropolitan Area ----- 6,421,562
1 Kabul Kabul 55,269,659
2 Herat Herat 14,436,300
3 Mazar-i-Sharif Balkh 9,325,659
4 Kunduz Kunduz 7,510,037
5 Taloqan Takhar 5,883,336
6 Puli Khumri Baghlan 3,760,784
7 Ghazni Ghazni 2,978,831
8 Khost Khost 2,534,582
9 Charikar Parwan 2,314,502
10 Sheberghan Jowzjan 1,700,255

Afghanistan - Airports & Airlines

Airport Name IATA ICAO Hub for Located In
Kabul Hamid Karzai International Airport KBL OAKB

Kam Air 

Afghanistan Airways

Kabul, Kabul Province, Afghanistan
Kabul - Bagram International Airport OAI OAIX Afghanistan Airways Afghanistan Air Cargo Bagram, Parwan Province, Afghanistan
Kabul Civil Aerodrome ----- OAKA ----- Kabul, Kabul Province, Afghanistan
Herat International Airport OHA OAHE

Kam Air

Afghanistan Air Cargo

Injil, Herat Province, Afghanistan
Herat - Guzara International Airport HEA OAHR Afghanistan Airways Guzara, Herat Province, Afghanistan
Mazar-i-Sharif International Airport MZR OAMS ----- Mazar-i-Sharif, Balkh Province, Afghanistan
Kunduz - Khan Abad International Airport UND OAUZ ----- Kunduz, Kunduz Province, Afghanistan
Taloqan International Airport TQN OATQ ----- Taloqan, Takhar Province, Afghanistan
Puli Khumri - Baghlan International Airport PUL OAPL Air Afghan Puli Khumri, Baghlan Province, Afghanistan
Ghazni International Airport GZI OAGN ----- Ghazni, Ghazni Province, Afghanistan
Khost Province International Airport KHT OAKS Kam Air Khost, Khost Province, Afghanistan
Chaghcharan International Airport CCN OACC ----- Chagcharan, Ghor Province, Afghanistan
Farah International Airport FAH OAFR ----- Farah, Farah Province, Afghanistan
Maymana Mohammed Daoud Khan International Airport MMZ OAMN Air Afghan Maymana, Faryab Province, Afghanistan
Qala-e-Naw International Airport LQN OAQN ----- Qala i Naw, Badghis Province, Afghanistan
Sheberghan International Airport SEE OASG ----- Sheberghan, Jowzjan Province, Afghanistan
Tarinkot - Urozgan Province International Airport TII OATN Kam Air Tarinkot, Urozgan Province, Afghanistan
Panjab International Airport PJB OAPJ ----- Panjab, Bamyan Province, Afghanistan
Islam Qala International Airport IQA OAIQ Air Afghan Islam Qala, Herat Province, Afghanistan
Chapchal International Airport OCA OACA ----- Chapchal, Samangan Province, Afghanistan
Samangan Aybak International Airport OSA OASA ----- Samangan / Aybak, Samangan Province, Afghanistan
Monara International Airport ZMN OAMO Afghanistan Air Cargo Monara, Ghor Province, Afghanistan
Jawak - Cuak International Airport JAW OAJW ----- Cuak, Sar-e-Pol Province, Afghanistan
Bamyan National Airport BIN OABN ----- Bamyan, Bamyan Province, Afghanistan
Andkhvoy National Airport OKH OAKV ----- Andkhvoy, Faryab Province, Afghanistan
Gardez National Airport GRG OAGZ ----- Gardez, Paktia Province, Afghanistan
Shindand National Airport SHN OASH ----- Shindand, Herat Province, Afghanistan
Nili National Airport NIL OANL ----- Nili, Daykundi Province, Afghanistan
Military Airfield Name ICAO Located In Notes
Bagram Military Base (Bagram Int'l Airport) OAIX Bagram, Parwan Province, Afghanistan -----
Baraki Barak Airbase OASH Baraki Barak, Logar Province, Afghanistan This military airbase is hub for the Afghan Air Force.
Sharana Airfield OASA Sharana, Paktika Province, Afghanistan -----
Andkhoy Airbase OAKV Andkhoy, Faryab Province, Afghanistan This airbase was the major hub for the Afghan Air Force until 2033.
Shindand Military Airport (Shindand Airport) OASH Shindand, Herat Province, Afghanistan -----
Airline Name ICAO Hubs Subsidiaries Alliance Fleet
Afghanistan Airways AF2 Kabul Hamid Karzai International Airport

Kabul - Bagram International Airport

Herat - Guzara International Airport

Afghanistan Air Cargo SkyAsia n/a
Afghanistan Air Cargo AFG Kabul - Bagram International Airport

Herat International Airport

Monara International Airport

----- World Cargo n/a
Kam Air 1KA Kabul Hamid Karzai International Airport

Herat International Airport

Khost Province International Airport

Tarinkot - Urozgan Province International Airport

----- ----- n/a
Air Afghan 1AF Puli Khumri - Baghlan International Airport

Maymana Mohammed Daoud Khan International Airport

Islam Qala International Airport

----- ----- n/a

Afghanistan - Railways

  • National Railway System

Line

Connected cities/stations

Lenght

Travel Time Type of trains
East - West Line

(Trans-Afghan Line)

1041km 12:09 n/a
North - South Line n/a
Meymaneh - Balochistan Line n/a
Kabul - Zabolistan Line n/a
Kabul - Pakistan Line n/a
Kabul - Tadjikistan Line n/a
Herat - Turkmenistan Line n/a

Afghanistan - Major Projects

Name Year Notes
AH1 Highway Plan 2036 -----
Kabul - Bagram International Airport 2040 A project to adapt the American Air Force Base in the city of Kabul, more specifically in the village of Bagram, in a second international airport in the country, due to the rapid growth of demand in the main airport. This airport was designed to become the main airport in the city and, in 2098, it already had 2 runways of 4293 meters each and with capacity for 60 million passengers, but, for the time being, in 2098 only 32 million passengers passed through the airport.
KA10 - Kabul Ring Road 2054 A project by an Afghan small and new enterprise to renovate road sections and build others, in order to have a ring road around the city of Kabul, where now join 7 highways from different regions of the country.
Afghan Highways Project 2061 -----
Kabul New Parliement 2077 -----
Trans-Afghan Railway Line 2083 -----

Afghanistan - Highways

Autoestrada Designação Trajeto Extensão
AH1 Autoestrada Principal Islam Qala (Razavian border) - Ghurian - Herat - Poshtun Zarghun - Awbeh - Bisheh - Monara - Dota'i - Chaghcharan - Delak - Lal - Panjab - Markasi Bhisud - Maidan Shar - Kabul 945 km
AH2 Autoestrada Norte Hairatan (Uzbek border) - Kholm - Aybak - Puli Khumri - Na'man - Charikar - Kabul 437 km
AH3 Autoestrada Sul Gelan (Zabulistani border) - Amogi - Qara Bagh - Ghazni - Sayad Abad - Maydan Shahr - Kabul 247 km
AH4 Autoestrada Este Chaharbagh (Nuristanese border) - Mehtar Lam - Surobi - Kabul 156 km
AH5 Autoestrada Sudeste Aliser (Pakistanese border) - Khost - Gardez - Baraki Barak - Mosahi - Kabul 260 km
AH6 Autoestrada Nordeste Hisa-e-Awal (Badakhstanese border) - Pukh - Rukha - Bagram - Tagab - Kabul 203 km
AH7 Autoestrada Oeste Tarinkot (Helmandese border) - Chora - Balagh - Gizab - Nili - Panjab - Yakawlang - Bamyan - Shaikh Ali - Kabul 294 km
KA10 Circunvalação de Kabul Tilai Town - Bist Hazari - Wasel Abad - Nawroz Abad - Kabul Int'l Airport - Marjan Town - Tilai Town 22 km
AH8 Autoestrada Nororeste Karnor (future city) - Mazar-i-Sharif - Balkh -Kushka - Sheberghan - Andkhvoy - Dawlat Abad - Shirin Tagab - Meymaneh - Qeysar - Bala Morgab - Qishlak Khwaja - Karukh - Herat 761 km
AH9 Autoestrada Sudoeste Herat - Guzara - ادراسکان - Shindand - Bala Buluk (Nimru border) 301 km
AH10 Autoestrada Interior Norte Shir Khan Bandar (Tajik border) - Emam Saheb -Kunduz - Aliabad - Baghlan - Puli Khumri 166 km
AH11 Autoestrada Interior Este Kholm - Abdan-e Shebaqli - Kunduz - Khanabad - Taloqan - Kalafgan (Badakhstanese border) 228 km
AH12 Autoestrada Interior Oeste Herat - Dugy - Narzi - Towrgondi (Turkmen border) 98 km
AH13 Autoestrada Regional Mazar-i-Sharif - Sholgara - Chapchal - Zura - Bande Pitaw Refuge - Band-e Amir - Bamdir (future city) 312 km
AH14 Via Rápida de Farah Bala Buluk (Nimru border) - Bakwa - Bayak - Farah - Farah Int'l Airport - Dizak - Bala (future city) 173 km
AH15 Autoestrada Interior Sul Ghazni - Janabad - Sharan - Dewana - Orgun - Barmal - Shakin (Pakistani border) 180 km
AH17 Autoestrada de Fariab Andkhvoy - Aquineh - Yaka Haji (Turkmen border) 34 km
HE10 Circunvalação de Herat Mojahedin Town - Barman - Bagh Nazargah - Jami Road - Mojahedin Town 19 km
Afghanistan Highways-0
Afghanistan Flag-0
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